Effortless English: Learn To Speak English Like A Native. Pages·· WHAT'S THE SECRET TO SPEAKING ENGLISH FLUENTLY? It's mastery of. 4 days ago PDF | This study aims to investigate students' rules and practices in how they maintain speaking fluency. Six students were the participants in. Here's how to improve spoken English on your own in 14 practical, easy steps. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take Even people fluent in two or more languages have trouble switching.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Arabic|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
Richard Hallows: Learners of English often worry about speaking like a native speaker. .. When you speak English fluently, you are fluent (in, at, with) it. 3. My definition is simple-- you speak English automatically when your speech is You speak fluent English when the words come out of your mouth-- without. Speak English cehalfperbfamsce.ga - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read book online for free.
Shell dance in a group. She wont sing any song. Shed give thanks to them. She wouldnt receive them. She couldve done it. She doesnt like ice-cream. She wasnt in the room. She hasnt broken it. Its me.
It isnt me. It isnt good. It isnt mine. Its a coin. It hasnt any coin. Itd interesting poems. It hadnt good pictures. Itll be better. It wont be nice. Itd be good to listen them. It wouldnt be better to leave it. Were too tired. We arent lazy. Weve our books with us. We havent money at all. Wed lost our box.
We hadnt run on the grass. Well drink chilled water. We wont go to the movie. Wed like to swim in the pool. We wouldnt like to see movie. We werent playing. We dont like it. We havent gone there. We shallve written the letters. We werent present there. We havent received cheques. Theyre very crazy. They arent foolish.
Theyve their note books. They havent their luggages. Theyd a little car. They hadnt match boxes.
Theyll slip in the mud. They wont climb on the tree. Theyd write a letter. They wouldnt read their books. They arent there. They mightnt to fight. They wouldve returned till They mightve given it. They arent painter. Thats good. That isnt good. Thatre beautiful. That arent interesting.
Thats sense. That hasnt any meaning. Thatve nothing to say. That havent any common sense. Thatd some logic. That hadnt any logic. Thatll prove a good bet. That wont be a fair deal. Thatd do some magic. That wouldnt be useful. Heres your money bag. Here isnt your book. Herere some good novels. Here arent good flowers. Here isnt any plant. Theres a nice park. Therere so many pots. There arent many people. Theres been a film show.
There hasnt been any club. Thereve been a film show. There havent been a large crowd. Therell be an essay competition. There wont be any puppet show. Thered be my singing. There wouldnt be my play. Hows your mother? Howre your brothers? Hows she slipped on floor? Howve they reached there? Howd he attend the party? Howll you send the money? Whats your name? Whatre your qualifications? Whats driven you here? Whatve you missed in the park? Whatd she lost? Whatll be there? Whatll happen after it?
Whatd be the price of that?
What dyou do? Wheres my watch? Wherere your books? Wheres she gone? Whereve they played? Wherell you be? Whered be the next show?
Whos incharge here? Whore the players? Whos broken it? Whove won the match? Wholl bat first? Whod be the captain? Whens the next train? Whenre her sisters coming? Whens the course finished?
Whenve the ministers visited? Whenll you come? Whend she appear for the interview? Neednt to go. Poor vocabulary can also create speech hardship for you, and you can be deprived of your expected results. It is, therefore, very necessary for you to build up a Vocabulary Bank upon that you can bank faithfully.
The base of the vocabulary bank is Central Words or Core Words. So, you are required to make your close relations with these words. Yes, it is an indispensable tool to gain required fluency. Now you can ask what are these Central words or Core words? To understand the Core words, pick your dictionary and find out how many pages it contains. For example, Chambers 20th Century Dictionary Edition contains pages of main words-pronunciationsmeanings part, and each page contains about 40 words.
It means there are more than 61, 40 words in English language as per the dictionary. And you can very well apprise that it is very difficult to be acquainted with all these words even for a well educated person. A well educated person too would not be able to recognise more than 20, words while he reads.
Thus, his reading vocabulary limits at about 20, words. Can you tell how many words he would be able to use in writing out of these 20, words. You could also do this by yourself in front of the mirror.
Remember to do this in English. Do it Right Now: Steps to start improving instantly Step 1: Pick an English book or topic over the internet of your interest Step 2: Keep a dictionary, pen and a paper alongside Step 3: Scan, skim and start reading the text out loud in a subtle speech Step 4: Break the words that are difficult to pronounce at one go into sounds and speak in a connecting flow.
In you don't know how that particular word sounds, refer to an audio dictionary and follow. Step 5: Note down new phrases, words and expressions you come across while reading and simultaneously take meaning from the dictionary. Step 6: On completion, review the topic in your head. Step 7: Note the estimated time you took to read the text, number of words read and as a trend, try and speed up with every third time you read. It has to be done though. You cannot hope to master the language successfully without learning the words and phrases that make it up.
The best way to expand your vocabulary and knowledge of idioms is through reading. Hence, making that list of new words is important! However, watching English movies will give you a bigger knowledge of idioms and phrases. Now, when you build your English vocabulary as well as stock of phrases and idioms, you can disintegrate your learning into two levels: Fundamental level: There are to words which are called the foundation blocks of English language.
These words are not particularly listed but comprise of each first word for every meaning that you learn to the count. These include certain words like how, why, where which are not replaceable by another word. For phrases and idioms, the cardinal ones will fall in the fundamental category. Extensive level: Every word, phrase or idiom with similar or opposite meaning and intent as of the fundamental ones will form the extensive list for a more in-depth learning. Tips for expanding vocabulary: One word at a time Do not try to learn the entire dictionary in a weekend.
That will not do you any good! Start small. Once you find a new word, incorporate it in your daily use. Spend every spare minute reading Read, read, and read! Books will expand your vocabulary to a large extent. Pay close attention to what you are reading. If you do not understand a word, use a dictionary to find its meaning.
Context skills Usually, while reading it is easy to decipher the meaning of a word from the sentence it is used in i. In this sentence, you can figure out that the word decipher means to understand or convert into normal language. If you come across a word that you cannot completely understand, before turning to the dictionary, trying figuring out what the word could mean. Then, you can cross check with the dictionary to see if you were right.
This will build your context skills and it is important in English because a lot of words are similar and pronounced in the same way. Some words even have the same spelling but mean something completely different Practice Of course, practice makes perfect.
Use the new vocabulary you have, or you might forget it before you even get a chance to use it. After learning a word and understanding the context it is used in, make it a point to put that word in your sentences. Use the dictionary I know I said do not learn the dictionary in a day, but skimming through it and picking out words that fascinate you is a good exercise.
Learn these words and use them so you get used to the context they are used in. Play with words Play games like scrabble or words with friends or ruzzle.
These games can increase your vocabulary in a fun way. Ask friends to help you along the way. Since these games have a competitive twist, you intend to learn new words faster. Even Pictionary is a good game to learn new words. Since you are drawing the words out, the meaning of the word stays with you.
Crosswords Make it a point to do the crossword every day. They can be a little overwhelming but with a little help, one can usually manage to complete the whole thing. They not only give you new words as you go through the thesaurus, but you general knowledge also expands. I think this is a brilliant exercise for learning a language. Write a journal Start a written journal where you pen down your thoughts in English. This way you can practice writing as well. Remember to use the words you learned that day.
When others speak, listen! Observe how native English speaker use their words. Do not hesitate in asking what they mean if you dont understand something.
When you learn listen, you will also learn the usage of idioms, phrases, slang and colloquialisms. This will make you more fluent as well as understandable. When you learn a new word, associate it with something so that you have an easier time recalling it later. It could be a colour, a feeling, another word, or anything else. For example, quintessential one of my favorite words means the perfect example of something. You can associate it with your favorite dish, your favorite actress or actor, your parents.
Use these associations to remember the word. Make a list of words In a diary you keep with you, make a list of all the words you come across in a day. When you get home or in your free time, open a dictionary and find the meanings of each word you collected. Learn the roots Make it a point to learn the roots of the words.
This is an interesting way to remember the words. Mostly every word in English has roots in either Latin or Greek. It is fun to learn how the word came about. Languages keep evolving, so a word that meant something in the 17th century would not mean the same today.
Use the word Again, this point is so important that I am repeating is over and over again. If you do not use the words you learn, you will forget them. Learn to use the words. Make is a habit. Prefixes and suffixes English has a lot of words that use prefixes and suffixes. A prefix is a word that is added before another word. A suffix on the other hand is a morpheme that is added to the end of a word. Step 5: Repeat the process with other topics, objects and nouns.
It is not easy to learn because there are so many rules that simply do not make sense. For example, the pronunciations of cat as kat and price as prise, does not make sense. Grammar can be defined as a set of notions about the correct use of a language. English Grammar is extensive. The words can be distinguished into nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions.
A little introduction into the basics of Grammar is important so that you understand how things work. Nouns In the simplest form, a noun is used to identify a name, place, animal or thing. It is also the largest English word class. Noun phrases are sentences that function as nouns. For example: The Eiffel Tower is in Paris. Pronouns Pronouns function in place of nouns and noun phrases.
These include personal pronouns, interrogative pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, and relative pronouns. For example, I, you, we, she, he, they are all pronouns. For example: They stabbed him in the back. Verbs Verbs describe actions. For example: She is singing. It is used for a word that describe any action being performed.
An adjective describes an attribute of a word or phrase. For example: She is singing beautifully. Adverb An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. For example: Seabiscuit was the fastest runner at the Derby. Conjunctions A conjunction is a word that is used to connect two sentences. It creates a logical relation between two phrases. For example, and, or, but, nor, as well as, neither, for, so etc.
Preposition A preposition is a word that shows the relation of a noun or pronoun to other words in the sentence. For example: The book is in the shelf. Speaking English is different from speaking correct English. For someone who has been speaking in English his or her entire life, Grammar comes naturally.
I know a lot of people who can speak English and get their point across, but their Grammar is not that great. There are a few steps you can take to practice your Grammar skills.
Understand the parts of speech Learn all the parts of speech.
Essentially, every word in a sentence can be categorized into a word class. When you are reading a book or the newspaper, try figuring out which words are the nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, pronouns, conjunctions, and prepositions. Observe how people use their words and how books are written. There are certain structures that stay the same. Identify mistakes There are a lot of mistakes in the way English is spoken and written, even by native English speakers.
However, when learning a new language, some words may be difficult for your native speakers. This differs from language to language. For example, Russians have trouble understanding the difference between the use of a and the. Exercises Perform grammatical exercises.
You could do this on the Internet or you could download a childrens English schoolbook. Complete at least one exercise in a day. This is how children learn Grammar. There is no other way to do it. Hire a tutor It would be advisable for you go hire a tutor to guide you. Only a tutor can tell you that you are wrong and correct your mistakes. Colleagues and friend might not correct you for fear of embarrassing you or hurting your feelings. Do not translate! Translating English to your native language or vise-versa will inevitably create mistakes.
Let you native language be and concentrate only on English. Translating generally spoils the Grammar of the sentence. Listen When you are listening, you are hearing correct Grammar. You could either listen to yourself while reading aloud or you could watch T. Preferably a small notebook specifically for components of Grammar Step 3: While reading, go one paragraph at a time and note down the nouns, verbs, adjective and adverbs that you come across Step 4:Try making your own sentences using these words Step 5: Repeat the same process for the next paragraph Chapter 6: Most Used English Vocabulary Imperative to Learn English has an extensive vocabulary.
It is loaded with homophones, homonyms, and homographs. Homonyms Words with same spellings and pronunciations but different meanings Homophones Words that sound similar but have different spellings and meaning Homographs Words that are spelled the same but have different pronunciations and meanings 1.
Advise Advise is a verb. For example: I advise you to bring bottled water. Advice Advice is a noun. For example: I need your advice. Affect Affect is a verb, which means, to influence. For example: The injury wont affect her performance.
Effect Effect is a noun, that means the outcome or result. When used as a verb effect means, to produce a result. For example: The song had a calming effect on the baby. Allude Allude is a verb, which meaning calling attention to indirectly. It is a coy. For example: The paintings allude to Rembrandt.
Elude Elude means to evade or get away from something. For example: Michael Scofield eluded the cops. Allusion An allusion is an indirect or casual reference. For example: The novel's title is an allusion to Shakespeare. Illusion An illusion is false idea or image. For example: The tension between illusion and reality.
All Used to refer to the whole quantity. For example: She left all her jewelry to her daughter Awl A small pointed tool used for piercing holes. For example: He used an awl to pierce the leather. Amoral Lacking a moral sense; unconcerned with the rightness or wrongness of something. For example: a amoral attitude to gender discrimination Immoral Immoral means violating conscience or public morality.
For example: an immoral and unwinnable war. Ark Noahs ark OR a vessel that serves as protection against extinction. For example: A starship built by their android protectors Arc A curved shaped. For example: The huge arc of the sky 8. Bazaar Bazaar is a market place. For example: Tony went to the bazaar to download vegetables.
Bizarre Bizarre, on the other hand, means something unusual and spooky. For example: The Bermuda Triangle incidents are bizarre.
Bridal Bridal concerns a wedding or bride. For example: Bridal traditions will never go away Bridle A bridle is a horse harness or a rope. It could also mean to keep under control. For example: the fact that she was the servant bridled her tongue. Coign an external corner of a wall. For example: Coign of vantage is a phrase meaning a favorable position for observation or action Coin A flat, typically round piece of mental with an official stamp, used as money OR to invent or device a new word or phrase.
For example: He showed me how we could make a lot of coins OR he coined the term desktop publishing Colonel An army officer of high rank. For example: The jawans saluted as the Colonel drove by Kernel A softer, usually edible part of a nut OR the central of most important part of something. For example: This is the kernel of the argument.
Complement A thing that completes or brings to perfection. For example: The libretto proved a perfect complement to the music Compliment A polite expression of praise admiration. For example: The bride was complimented by many of her wedding day. Doe A female deer. For example: The safari saw a doe and her fawn Dough A thick, malleable mixture of flour and liquid, used for baking OR lots of money. For example: The dog ate the cookie dough. Elicit Evoke or draw out.
For example: A corrupt heart elicits in an hour all that is bad in us Illicit Forbidden by law, rules or customs. For example: Adolescents have started using illicit drugs. Gorilla A powerfully built great ape. For example: The gorillas were creating a ruckus in the jungle Guerrilla A member of a small independent group taking part in irregular fighting. For example: The guerrilla warfare was getting out of hand. Immanent Immanent means pervading or existing within.
For example: The rooms immanent tension made her anxious. Imminent Imminent means about to happen. For example: The exam period is imminent. It might even help you make some new friends. Make sure to take time to breathe while you are speaking, too. If you get stuck for what to say, just pause, take a breath, and you will feel your confidence returning.
Make sure to include examples, too. If you are using flashcards, write a whole sentence on each card so you know how to use the words in context. Make the examples as memorable as possible with a funny story or use something related to your life to help them stick in your mind. Listen to learn When listening to English radio, news or movies, pay close attention to what you hear.
Learning from the real world will make your English more relevant and natural than learning from a textbook.